Free ranging wildlife may be impacted by hazardous materials, with petroleum spills being the most publicly recognizable example. State and Federal wildlife agencies are typically the primary authorities for wildlife issues and must be engaged in planning efforts. Wildlife impacts can be complex, affecting species conservation, hunting and fishing economies, food chain concerns, and environmental issues.
Wildlife in facilities (zoos, aquariums, sanctuaries, rehabilitation facilities, circuses, animal trainers, etc.): Wildlife facilities can range from small operations to very large zoos, aquaria, and sanctuaries. Such facilities can present complex emergency management challenges, particularly as they relate to animal decontamination. Wildlife facility operators should engage in contingency planning for their facility and the larger facilities need to be active participants in coordination of their facility plan with the community emergency plan.